Pengaruh Koordinasi Mata-Tangan, Body Mass Index dan Gender Terhadap Kemampuan Object Kontrol pada Anak PAUD Kota Pariaman

  • Syahrial Bakhtiar Universitas Negeri Padang
  • Zainul Johor Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Univesitas Negeri Padang
  • Engga Randa Putra Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Univesitas Negeri Padang
  • Oktarifaldi Oktarifaldi Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Univesitas Negeri Padang
  • Lucy Pratama Putri Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Univesitas Negeri Padang

Abstract

Berdasarkan studi awal, masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah kemampuan objek kontrol siswa PAUD di Kota Pariaman yang masih rendah. Hal ini diduga disebabkan oleh banyak factor, penulis menduga beberapa factor yang berpengaruh adalah koordinasi mata tanga, body mass index dan gender yang dimiliki anak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh koordinasi mata tanga, body mass index dan gender terhadap  kemampuan objek kontrol anak.  Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa siswa PAUD di Kota Pariaman. Teknik pengambilan sampel secara total sampling yang berjumlah 95 anak. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk memperoleh data mengenai koordinasi mata tangan siswa adalah dengan tes M-ABC, body mas index dengan antropometri, gender dengan kemampuan objek kontrol dengan instrument Test of Gross Motor Skill Second Edition (TGMD-2). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan terdapat pengaruh koordinasi mata tangan, body mass index dan gender terhadap kemampuan objek kontrol siswa dengan nilai signifikan (Sig) sebesar 0,006 lebih kecil dari probabilitas 0,05 dan nilai regresi Y= 18.11+0.280X1+0.093X2+0.265X3. Hasil penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa siswa PAUD di Kota Pariaman dipengaruhi oleh koordinasi mata tanga, body mass index dan gender yang mereka miliki. Semakin baik kriteria koordinasi mata tangan, body mass index yang dimiliki serta gender akan semakin baik pula kemampuan objek kontrol yang mampu mereka tampilkan.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hasan, A., Hyson, M., & Chang, M. C. (Eds.). (2013). Early childhood education and development in poor villages of Indonesia: Strong foundations, later success. The World Bank.

Hasan, A. B. P., & Suwarni, E. (2012). Policies and practices for promoting multicultural awareness of indigenous early childhood education in indonesia. International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, 6(1), 63.

H. Alatas et al., “Early childhood education and development services in Indonesia,” Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), 2013.

Singh, J. P. (2011). United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): UNESCO's organizational history and structure. Routledge.

Bakhtiar, S., & Famelia, R. (2017, December). Institute Role of Teachers' Education in Improving the Standard of Development Achievement Rate and Standard of Teacher and Education Personnels of Early Childhood Education. In International Conference of Early Childhood Education (ICECE 2017). Atlantis Press.

Clark, J. E., & Metcalfe, J. S. (2002). The mountain of motor development: A metaphor. Motor development: Research and reviews, 2(163-190), 183-202.

Goodway, J. D., Ozmun, J. C., & Gallahue, D. L. (2019). Understanding motor development: Infants, children, adolescents, adults. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Goodway, J. D., & Robinson, L. E. (2006). SKIPing toward an active start: Promoting physical activity in preschoolers. Beyond the Journal: Young Children, 61(3), 1-6.

Payne, V. G., & Isaacs, L. D. (2017). Human motor development: A lifespan approach. Routledge.

Cattuzzo, M. T., dos Santos Henrique, R., Ré, A. H. N., de Oliveira, I. S., & Melo, B. M. Mariana de Sousa Moura, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo, and David F. Stodden. 2016.“Motor Competence and Health Related Physical Fitness in Youth: A Systematic Review.”. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(2), 123-129.

Stodden, D. F., Goodway, J. D., Langendorfer, S. J., Roberton, M. A., Rudisill, M. E., Garcia, C., & Garcia, L. E. (2008). A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: An emergent relationship. Quest, 60(2), 290-306.

Chagas, D. V., & Batista, L. A. (2017). Comparison of health outcomes among children with different levels of motor competence. Human Movement, 18(2), 56-61.

Bakhtiar, S. (2014). Strategi Pembelajaran, Lokasi Sekolah, Dan Kemampuan Gerak Dasar Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang, 20(2).

Crewther, B. T., Cook, C., Cardinale, M., Weatherby, R. P., & Lowe, T. (2011). Two emerging concepts for elite athletes. Sports medicine, 41(2), 103-123.

Department of Education WA Department of Education, Western Australia [(accessed on 4 August 2019)]; Available online: http://det.wa.edu.au/stepsresources/detcms/navigation/fundamental-movement-skills/ 2013

Goodway, J. D., Ozmun, J. C., & Gallahue, D. L. (2019). Understanding motor development: Infants, children, adolescents, adults. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Clark, J. E., Getchell, N., Smiley-Oyen, A. L., & Smiley-Oyen, A. L. (2005). Developmental coordination disorder: issues, identification, and intervention. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 76(4), 49-53.

Haywood, K. M., & Getchell, N. (2009). Life span motor development 5th ed. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 4.

Logan, S. W., Robinson, L. E., Wilson, A. E., & Lucas, W. A. (2012). Getting the fundamentals of movement: a meta‐analysis of the effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children. Child: care, health and development, 38(3), 305-315.

Clark, J. E. (2007). On the problem of motor skill development. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 78(5), 39-44.

Robinson, L. E., & Goodway, J. D. (2009). Instructional climates in preschool children who are at-risk. Part I: object-control skill development. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 80(3), 533-542.

Piek, J. P., Dawson, L., Smith, L. M., & Gasson, N. (2008). The role of early fine and gross motor development on later motor and cognitive ability. Human movement science, 27(5), 668-681.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2007.11.002

Aggeliki Tsapakidou, Sofia Stefanidou & Eleni Tsompanaki. Locomotor Development of Children Aged 3.5 to 5 Years in Nursery Schools in Greece. Review of European Studies; Vol. 6, No. 2; 2014. ISSN 1918-7173 E-ISSN 1918- 7181. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education.

Bompa, T. O. (1994). Theory and methodology of training: the key to athletic performance. Kendall hunt publishing company.

Morris, A. M., Williams, J. M., Atwater, A. E., & Wilmore, J. H. (1982). Age and sex differences in motor performance of 3 through 6 year old children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 53(3), 214-221.

Southall, J. E., Okely, A. D., & Steele, J. R. (2004). Actual and perceived physical competence in overweight and nonoverweight children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 16(1), 15-24.

Roberton, M. A., & Konczak, J. (2001). Predicting children's overarm throw ball velocities from their developmental levels in throwing. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 72(2), 91-103.

Vogt, U. (1978). Die Motorik 3-bis 6jähriger Kinder: ihre Abhängigkeit vom biologischen Entwicklungsstand und sozialen Umweltfaktoren. Hofmann.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: PT Alfabet. 2016.

Wake, M., & Maguire, B. (2012). Children’s body mass index. Annual statistical report 2011, 91.

Ulrich, D. A. Austin, TX: Pro-ed; 2000. Test of gross motor development.

Oktarifaldi, O., Syahputra, R., Putri, L. P., & Bakhtiar, S. (2019). THE EFFECT OF AGILITY, COORDINATION AND BALANCE ON THE LOCOMOTOR ABILITY OF STUDENTS AGED 7 TO 10 YEARS. Jurnal Menssana, 4(2), 190-200.
Published
2019-11-17
How to Cite
BAKHTIAR, Syahrial et al. Pengaruh Koordinasi Mata-Tangan, Body Mass Index dan Gender Terhadap Kemampuan Object Kontrol pada Anak PAUD Kota Pariaman. Jurnal MensSana, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 165-174, nov. 2019. ISSN 2622-4917. Available at: <http://menssana.ppj.unp.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/120>. Date accessed: 29 sep. 2020.