The Role of Universities in Promoting Physical Activities Participation Among Undergraduate Male Students

  • Sameer Mohammed Sayyd Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Taibah University, Madinah 41411.
Keywords: Physical Activities, Role of Universities, Undergraduate, KSA.


Engaging in physical activity provides a lot of benefits for the youth. It generally helps to improve fitness. Despite clear evidence that physical activity offers significant health benefits, the majority of youth in Saudi Arabia, do not meet the recommended levels of physical activity as findings show 60 percent of the Saudi Arabian population is physically inactive. This poses a huge problem as sedentary life is a public health issue, lack of policies and funding that will encourage physical activity has been identified as one of the major problems. Therefore, this study examines the role of universities Policy and Funding in promoting physical activities participation among the undergraduates in KSA. Data were collected using questionnaire from 25 universities from the Saudi Kingdom with a total of 643 participants who were selected across all levels. Results show that financial support and policies had high importance in sports participation. Based on these, it can be argued that both university's policies, funding have a positive relationship with physical activities participation.


Download data is not yet available.


Alahmad, M. E., 2016. Constraints and motivations on the participation of Saudi Arabian high school students in physical activity and sport (Doctoral dissertation, Victoria University).‏

Alahmed, Z., Lobelo, F., 2018. Physical activity promotion in Saudi Arabia: A critical role for clinicians and the health care system. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 7, PP. S7–S15.

Alerwi, A.B.S., 2017. Study of sports activity calendar among secondary school students in Saudi Arabia from the point of view of teachers and students a. )Doctoral dissertation(.

Al-Hazzaa, H.M. et al., 2014. Association of dietary habits with levels of physical activity and screen time among adolescents living in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 27(SUPPL2), pp.204–213.

Al-Hazzaa, H.M., 2018. Physical inactivity in Saudi Arabia revisited: A systematic review of inactivity prevalence and perceived barriers to active living. IJHS Journal, 12(6), pp.50–64.

Al-Rafaee, S. A., & Al-Hazzaa, H. M., 2001. Physical activity profile of adult males in Riyadh City. Saudi Med J, 22(9), 784-9.‏

Alsahli, Maali S., 2016. Benefits And Barriers To Physical Activity Among Saudi Female University Students In The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia And The United States, (Doctoral dissertation).‏ Middle Tennessee State University.‏

Alshamri, S., 2001. Cultural and sporting achievements in the era of King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz. Riyadh: General Presidency for Youth Welfare.

Alsubaie, A.,Omer, E., 2015. Physical activity behavior predictors, reasons and barriers among male adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Evidence for obesogenic environment. International Journal Health Sciences, 9(4), pp.400-8.

Al-wahhabi, A., 2015. Evaluation Of Sports Activities Programs at King Khalid University in Abha from The Perspective of Students. (Doctoral dissertation).

Antony, Varghese C. and Tomar, R., 2015. Investigating Participation Motives of Saudi University Students towards Physical Activity at Different Educational Levels. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8(30).

Bartolomeo, D. G., & Papa, S., 2019. The effects of physical activity on social interactions: The case of trust and trustworthiness. Journal of Sports Economics, 20(1), 50-71.‏

Bergsgard, N. A., Houlihan, B., Mangset, P., Nødland, S. I., & Rommetvedt, H. (2009). Sport policy. Routledge.‏

Bernstein, E., Phillips, S. R., & Silverman, S., 2011. Attitudes and perceptions of middle school students toward competitive activities in physical education. Journal of teaching in physical education, 30(1), 69-83.‏

Downward, P., Lera-Lopez, F. and Rasciute, S., 2014. The correlates of sports participation in Europe. European journal of sport science, 14(6), pp.592–602.

Felfe, C., Lechner, M., & Steinmayr, A., 2016. Sports and child development. PloS one, 11(5), e0151729.

Forneris, T., Whitley, M. A., & Barker, B., 2013. The reality of implementing community-based sport and physical activity programs to enhance the development of underserved youth: Challenges and potential strategies. Quest, 65(3), 313-331.

Green, M., 2004. Changing policy priorities for sport in England: the emergence of elite sport development as a key policy concern. Leisure studies, 23(4), 365-385.‏

Henry, I. and Ko, L., 2014. Routledge Handbook of Sport Policy. London: Routledge.

Humphreys, B.R., Ruseski, J.E., 2007. Participation in physical activity and government spending on parks and recreation. Contemporary economic policy, 25(4), pp.538–552.

Kalar, A. M., Hemmatinezhad, M., & Ramazaninezhad, R., 2019. Designing a Framework of Stakeholders’ Participation in School Sport Decisions. Annals of Applied Sport Science, 7(2), 13-20.

Moe, Ministry of Education, 2006.

Oakley, B., & Green, M., 2001. Still playing the game at arm's length? The selective re-investment in British sport, 1995–2000. Managing leisure, 6(2), 74-94.‏

Pate, R.R., Trilk, J.L., Byun, W. and Wang, J., 2011. Policies to increase physical activity in children and youth. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 9(1), pp.1–14.

Pate, R. R. Flynn, J. I. and Dowda, M., 2016. Policies for promotion of physical activity and

prevention of obesity in adolescence. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness 14, 47-53.

Pawlowski, T., Schuttoff, U., Downward, P., & Lechner, M., 2018. Can sport really help to meet

the millennium development goals? Evidence from children in Peru. Journal of Sports Economics, 1–24.

Richardson, P. W., & Watt, H. M. (2014). Why people choose teaching as a career: An expectancy-value approach to understanding teacher motivation. In Teacher motivation (pp. 3-19). Routledge.‏

Ruseski, J.E., Maresova, K., 2014. Economic freedom, sport policy, and individual participation in physical activity: An international comparison. Contemporary Economic Policy, 32(1), pp.42–55.

Sayyd, Sameer Mohammed, Nahary, A.M., 2020. The obstacles influencing sports activities in Saudi universities. Jurnal MensSana, 5(1), pp.26–32.

Standage, M., Gillison, F. B., Ntoumanis, N., & Treasure, D. C., 2012. Predicting students’ physical activity and health-related well-being: A prospective cross-domain investigation of motivation across school physical education and exercise settings. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 34(1), 37-60.‏

Steenhuis, I.H.M., Nooy, S.B.C., Moes, M.J.G. and Schuit, A.J., 2009. Financial barriers and pricing strategies related to participation in sports activities: The perceptions of people of low income. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 6(6), pp.716–721.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008. U.S. Department of Health and Human

Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Retrieved from

Van Tuyckom, C., 2011. Macro-environmental factors associated with leisure-time physical activity: a cross-national analysis of EU countries. Scandinavian journal of public health, 39(4), pp.419–426.

Weed, M., Coren, E., Fiore, J., Wellard, I., Mansfield, L., Chatziefstathiou, D., Dowse, S., 2012. Developing a physical activity legacy from the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games: a policy-led systematic review. Perspectives in public health, 132(2), 75-80.‏

How to Cite
S. Sayyd, “The Role of Universities in Promoting Physical Activities Participation Among Undergraduate Male Students”, jm, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 39-46, Jul. 2022.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.